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Tobacco control

According to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) tobacco control means a range of measures and activities that reduce supply and demand of tobacco products, as well as health consequences of their use that aim to improve the health of population by eliminating or reducing their consumption of tobacco products and exposure to tobacco smoke (http://www.who.int/fctc/en/).

WHO FCTC is a first legally binding treaty in public health under the United Nations (UN) that entered into force in 2005. Currently a total of 181 countries are a Party to the WHO FCTC, among them 50 out of 53 Members States in European Region. In Serbia, it entered into force on May 9, 2006.

WHO FCTC obliges Parties to take steps to reduce the devastating health, social and economic consequences of smoking. It is based on the overarching human right principles and the WHO Constitution and is supported by consistent evidence base.  Guidelines for some WHO FCTC articles were prepared to enable Parties their better implementation.

Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products is a global treaty based on WHO FCTC and will enter into force when 40 signatory Parties will be reached. Serbia deposited the instrument of the ratification to the Treaty Section of the UN it on Jun 30, 2017 as the 28th Party.